Author: ProfGuide

A surgeon is a medical professional who specializes in performing surgical procedures on patients to diagnose, treat, or prevent medical conditions. This highly regarded and demanding career demands years of extensive education, training, and dedication. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of the surgeon profession, including specializations, tasks and responsibilities, pros and cons, demand, salary ranges, important qualities, and career paths. By the way, recently the ProfGuide career guidance center has developed a precise career orientation test, which will tell you which professions are suitable for you, provide a conclusion about your personality type and intelligence.



There are various surgical specializations, which can be divided into the following categories:

  1. General surgery
  2. Orthopedic surgery
  3. Neurosurgery
  4. Cardiothoracic surgery
  5. Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  6. Vascular surgery
  7. Pediatric surgery
  8. Urology
  9. Ophthalmic surgery
  10. Oral and maxillofacial surgery

Tasks and responsibilities

Some common tasks and responsibilities of a surgeon include:

  1. Evaluating patients and diagnosing medical conditions
  2. Performing surgical procedures
  3. Providing post-operative care and monitoring
  4. Collaborating with other healthcare professionals
  5. Conducting research and staying up-to-date with surgical advancements
  6. Educating and mentoring medical students and residents

 Pros and Cons


  1. High earning potential
  2. Prestige and respect in the medical community
  3. Opportunity to help and heal patients
  4. Intellectual stimulation and constant learning
  5. Opportunities for research and advancement


  1. Long and demanding education and training
  2. High stress and pressure
  3. Long and unpredictable working hours
  4. High levels of responsibility and potential for malpractice
  5. Emotional toll of dealing with life and death situations

Demand (in USA, Canada, GB, Australia)

The demand for surgeons is consistently high in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia. Aging populations, advances in medical technology, and an increase in chronic diseases contribute to the growing need for surgical care. Additionally, as current surgeons retire, there is a constant need for new professionals to fill their positions.

Where to become a Surgeon (in USA, Canada, GB, Australia)


  1. Harvard Medical School
  2. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
  3. Stanford University School of Medicine
  4. Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine
  5. University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine


  1. University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine
  2. McGill University Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
  3. University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine
  4. University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
  5. McMaster University Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine

Great Britain:

  1. University of Oxford Medical School
  2. University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine
  3. Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine
  4. University College London Medical School
  5. King's College London Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine


  1. University of Melbourne Medical School
  2. University of Sydney School of Medicine
  3. Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
  4. University of Queensland Faculty of Medicine
  5. University of New South Wales Faculty of Medicine & Health

Salary ranges (in USA, Canada, GB, Australia)

Salary ranges for surgeons vary based on factors such as experience, location, and specialization. The following are approximate average annual salaries:

  1. USA: $300,000 - $500,000
  2. Canada: CAD 250,000 - CAD 450,000
  3. Great Britain: £100,000 - £300,000
  4. Australia: AUD 300,000 - AUD 500,000

Where do Surgeons work? 

Surgeons primarily work in hospitals, private practices, and academic institutions. They are needed to perform life-saving surgeries, diagnose and treat medical conditions, and contribute to research and advancements in medical technology. Surgeons may also provide education and mentoring to medical students and residents, ensuring the continuation of high-quality surgical care.

Important qualities of a successful Surgeon

Some important qualities of a successful surgeon include:

  1. Manual dexterity and hand-eye coordination
  2. Emotional resilience and the ability to handle stress
  3. Strong communication and interpersonal skills
  4. Critical thinking and problem-solving abilities
  5. Attention to detail and precision
  6. Compassion and empathy for patients

Step-by-step career path

  1. Complete a bachelor's degree, typically in a pre-med or science-related field
  2. Take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) or equivalent
  3. Attend medical school and earn a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree
  4. Complete a surgical residency program in your chosen specialization (5-7 years)
  5. Obtain board certification in your specialization
  6. Consider pursuing a fellowship for additional training and expertise (optional)
  7. Apply for and obtain a medical license in the state or country where you plan to practice
  8. Begin your surgical career in a hospital, private practice, or academic setting
  9. Maintain your medical license and board certification through continuing education and professional development

How to become a Surgeon 

Becoming a surgeon in the USA typically takes a minimum of 12-14 years, including completing a bachelor's degree (4 years), medical school (4 years), and a surgical residency program (4-6 years). Higher education is essential, as surgeons must possess a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree. Additionally, surgeons must complete a residency program, where they gain hands-on experience and develop their surgical skills under the supervision of experienced surgeons.

Can you enter the profession with a different degree?

In general, it is not possible to enter the profession of surgery with a different degree, as surgeons must complete a medical degree (MD or DO) and a surgical residency program. However, individuals with a background in a different field may still pursue a career in surgery by first completing the necessary medical education and training. This typically involves obtaining a pre-med or science-related bachelor's degree, attending medical school, and completing a surgical residency program. Some individuals may also choose to pursue a combined degree program, such as an MD/PhD, which can be particularly beneficial for those interested in combining surgery with research or academic pursuits.

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