Interior designers: what they do, how much they earn and how to become one

Author: ProfGuide
Interior designers: what they do, how much they earn and how to become one

Interior design is a profession that involves designing and decorating the interiors of buildings, homes, offices, and other spaces. Interior designers work to create functional, aesthetic, and safe spaces that meet the needs of their clients. They work with clients to determine their design preferences and develop plans to achieve those preferences. Interior designers must have a keen eye for design and a deep understanding of spatial relationships and the principles of design. By the way, recently the ProfGuide career guidance center has developed a precise career orientation test, which will tell you which professions are suitable for you, provide a conclusion about your personality type and intelligence.



Interior design is a broad field that includes many specializations. Some interior designers specialize in residential design, while others focus on commercial or industrial design. Some designers specialize in specific areas of design, such as lighting, furniture, or textiles. Other designers specialize in designing spaces for specific groups of people, such as children or the elderly.

Tasks and Responsibilities

Interior designers are responsible for a variety of tasks, including:

  • Meeting with clients to determine their design preferences and needs
  • Developing plans and designs for spaces
  • Selecting materials, colors, and furnishings for spaces
  • Creating drawings and 3D models of designs
  • Working with architects and contractors to ensure designs are implemented correctly
  • Managing budgets and timelines for projects
  • Overseeing construction and installation of designs
  • Ensuring designs are functional, safe, and meet local building codes and regulations

Pros and Cons


  • Creative and fulfilling work
  • High demand for skilled designers
  • Opportunity to work on a variety of projects
  • Ability to work independently or as part of a team
  • Potential for high earnings


  • Long hours and high stress, especially during project deadlines
  • Requires a significant investment in education and training
  • Can be highly competitive to secure clients and projects
  • Requires strong communication and interpersonal skills to work effectively with clients, contractors, and other professionals


Interior design is a growing field, with demand for skilled designers increasing in many countries around the world. In the United States, for example, the Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 4% increase in employment for interior designers between 2019 and 2029. In Canada, the job outlook for interior designers is considered good, with a balance between job openings and job seekers. In the United Kingdom, the demand for interior designers is high, particularly in the residential sector. In Australia, employment of interior designers is expected to grow over the next five years.

Salary Ranges

Interior designers can earn a range of salaries depending on their experience, location, and specialization. In the United States, the median annual salary for interior designers was $56,040 in May 2020. In Canada, the median annual salary for interior designers is around $55,000. In the United Kingdom, the average salary for interior designers is around £27,000 to £45,000 per year. In Australia, the average salary for interior designers is around $70,000 to $85,000 per year.

Where do Interior Designers Work?

Interior designers can work in a variety of settings, including:

  • Design firms
  • Architectural firms
  • Construction companies
  • Furniture and home decor stores
  • Self-employment

Interior designers are needed to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces in a wide range of settings, including homes, offices, hospitals, hotels, restaurants, and retail stores. The profession is also necessary in the development of new buildings, as well as the renovation and redesign of existing structures.

Important Qualities of a Successful Interior Designer

Successful interior designers possess the following qualities:

  • Creativity and a strong eye for design
  • Strong communication and interpersonal skills
  • Attention to detail and a focus on functionality
  • Ability to manage budgets and timelines effectively
  • Knowledge of materials, building codes, and regulations
  • Ability to work independently or as part of a team

Those who are not suitable for this profession may lack the creativity, attention to detail, and communication skills required to succeed in interior design.

Step-by-Step Career Path

Here are the general steps to becoming an interior designer:

  1. Earn a degree in interior design or a related field
  2. Gain experience through internships or entry-level positions
  3. Build a portfolio of design work
  4. Seek certification or licensure (depending on location)
  5. Continue education and stay up-to-date on industry trends and technology
  6. Pursue advanced certifications or degrees for career advancement

How to Become an Interior Designer

In the United States, a Bachelor's degree in interior design or a related field is typically required to become an interior designer. Some states may also require certification or licensure, which typically involves passing an exam and completing continuing education requirements. Higher education programs in interior design typically take four years to complete.

Internships or entry-level positions in the field can provide valuable experience and help build a portfolio of design work. Continuing education and staying up-to-date on industry trends and technology can also be important for career growth and success.

Where to Become an Interior Designer

There are many colleges and universities around the world that offer interior design programs. Here are five examples for each of the four countries mentioned earlier:

United States:

  1. Pratt Institute
  2. Rhode Island School of Design
  3. Savannah College of Art and Design
  4. New York School of Interior Design
  5. University of Cincinnati


  1. Ryerson University
  2. University of Manitoba
  3. Humber College
  4. Vancouver Island University
  5. LaSalle College Vancouver

United Kingdom:

  1. University of the Arts London
  2. Nottingham Trent University
  3. University of Brighton
  4. Glasgow School of Art
  5. University of the West of England


  1. University of New South Wales
  2. RMIT University
  3. Swinburne University of Technology
  4. Queensland University of Technology
  5. University of South Australia

Can You Enter the Profession with a Different Degree?

While a degree in interior design or a related field is typically required for entry into the profession, it is possible to transition into interior design from other fields. For example, those with backgrounds in architecture, engineering, or graphic design may have relevant skills and knowledge that can be applied to interior design. However, additional education or training in interior design may be necessary to make the transition.


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