Engineer: what they do, how to become one, and where to study

Author: ProfGuide
Engineer: what they do, how to become one, and where to study

Engineering is one of the most diverse and rewarding professions in the world. Engineers are problem solvers and innovators who use their knowledge of mathematics, science, and technology to design and develop solutions to real-world challenges. Engineers have played a crucial role in the development of modern society, from the construction of skyscrapers and bridges to the development of advanced medical technologies and the exploration of space. By the way, recently the ProfGuide career guidance center has developed a precise career orientation test, which will tell you which professions are suitable for you, provide a conclusion about your personality type and intelligence.



There are many different types of engineering, and each specialization focuses on different aspects of design and development.

Some of the most common engineering specializations include:

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering

Tasks and responsibilities

Engineers are responsible for a variety of tasks, including:

  • Designing and testing new products or systems
  • Developing and implementing new technologies
  • Analyzing data and making recommendations based on findings
  • Managing projects and teams of technicians and other professionals
  • Ensuring that products and systems meet safety and quality standards
  • Collaborating with other professionals to solve complex problems

Pros and Cons


  • Engineers have the opportunity to solve complex problems and develop innovative solutions that can have a positive impact on society.
  • Engineering is a highly respected profession that offers excellent job security and competitive salaries.
  • Engineers are in high demand in many industries, including aerospace, energy, healthcare, and technology.


  • Engineering can be a highly demanding profession that requires long hours and intense concentration.
  • Engineers may face significant pressure to meet tight deadlines and budgets, which can be stressful.
  • Some engineering jobs may require significant travel or relocation, which can be disruptive to family life.


The demand for engineers is strong and growing in many parts of the world, including the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia. In the United States, the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that employment of engineers will grow by 4% from 2019 to 2029, which is about as fast as the average for all occupations. The demand for engineers is particularly strong in industries such as aerospace, energy, and technology.

Salary ranges

Engineers earn competitive salaries, and the range of salaries can vary depending on factors such as experience, education, and industry. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for engineers in the United States was $80,720 in May 2020. The range of salaries for engineers can vary widely depending on the industry, with some engineers earning six-figure salaries or more.

Where do Engineers work?

Engineers work in a wide range of industries, including aerospace, energy, healthcare, manufacturing, and technology. Engineers are needed in almost every sector of the economy, and their skills are in high demand in many fields. Engineers may work in offices, laboratories, manufacturing facilities, or even in the field.

Important qualities of a successful Engineer

Successful engineers possess a variety of important qualities, including:

  • Strong problem-solving skills
  • Analytical and critical thinking abilities
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Attention to detail and precision
  • Strong math and science skills
  • Creativity and innovation

Not everyone is suited for a career in engineering, as it requires a high degree of technical knowledge and a willingness to work hard and solve complex problems. However, those who are successful in the field often find it to be a rewarding and fulfilling career.

Step-by-step career path

  1. Earn a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related field.
  2. Gain experience through internships, co-op programs, or entry-level positions.
  3. Pursue advanced education or certification to specialize in a particular area of engineering.
  4. Gain experience in a variety of engineering projects and roles.
  5. Develop strong technical skills and stay current with new technologies and trends in the field. 6. Build a professional network through industry events, conferences, and professional associations.
  6. Consider pursuing leadership or management roles as your career progresses.

How to become an Engineer

Becoming an engineer typically requires a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related field. In the United States, most engineering programs are accredited by ABET, which ensures that programs meet high standards for quality and rigor. Some engineering programs also require students to complete an internship or co-op program to gain hands-on experience in the field.

After earning a bachelor's degree, many engineers choose to pursue advanced education or certification in a particular area of engineering. This can help engineers develop specialized skills and knowledge that can make them more competitive in the job market.

Where to become an Engineer

There are many excellent universities and colleges around the world that offer engineering programs. In the United States, some of the top-ranked engineering programs include:

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
  • Stanford University
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Michigan

In Canada, some of the top-ranked engineering programs include:

  • University of Toronto
  • University of British Columbia
  • McGill University
  • University of Waterloo
  • École Polytechnique de Montréal

In Great Britain, some of the top-ranked engineering programs include:

  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Oxford
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Manchester

In Australia, some of the top-ranked engineering programs include:

  • University of Melbourne
  • Monash University
  • University of New South Wales
  • University of Queensland
  • Australian National University

Can you enter the profession with a different degree?

While most engineers have a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related field, it is possible to enter the profession with a different degree. For example, some engineers have degrees in physics, mathematics, or computer science. However, it may be more difficult to find employment as an engineer without a degree in engineering, and additional education or certification may be required.

star_rate star_rate star_rate star_rate star_rate