Designer: what they do, how to become one, and where to study

Author: Kate Sheffer
Designer: what they do, how to become one, and where to study

Are you someone who loves to create and design beautiful things? Do you have a natural eye for color and form? Then perhaps a career as a designer is the perfect fit for you. By the way, recently the ProfGuide career guidance center has developed a precise career orientation test, which will tell you which professions are suitable for you, provide a conclusion about your personality type and intelligence.


Introduction to designer as a profession

Designers are creative professionals who specialize in creating visual content for various media, including print, digital, and even physical products. They use their artistic and technical skills to create designs that are both aesthetically pleasing and functional.

Designers work in a variety of fields, from graphic design and web design to industrial design and fashion design. They are responsible for creating everything from logos and websites to clothing and furniture.


There are many different specializations within the field of design. Some designers focus on creating logos and branding materials, while others specialize in creating websites and digital content. Industrial designers create products that are both functional and visually appealing, while fashion designers create clothing and accessories that are both stylish and comfortable.

Tasks and responsibilities

The tasks and responsibilities of a designer vary depending on their specialization, but here are a few common responsibilities:

  • Collaborating with clients to determine their design needs and goals
  • Developing concepts and ideas for designs
  • Creating sketches and mockups to present to clients
  • Using software and other tools to create digital designs
  • Choosing color palettes and typography
  • Making revisions based on client feedback
  • Preparing designs for production

Pros and Cons

Like any profession, there are pros and cons to working as a designer. Here are a few examples:


  • Opportunities to be creative and express yourself
  • Flexible work schedules and freelance opportunities
  • High demand for skilled designers
  • Opportunities to work on a variety of projects


  • Can be stressful and fast-paced, with tight deadlines
  • Requires a high level of technical skill and creativity
  • Can be difficult to find consistent work, especially as a freelancer
  • Can be highly competitive


In the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia, there is a high demand for skilled designers. The demand for graphic designers, in particular, is expected to grow by 3% in the United States between 2020 and 2030, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Salary ranges

The salary range for designers varies depending on their specialization, experience, and location. Here are a few examples:

  • In the United States, the median annual salary for graphic designers is $52,110, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  • In Canada, the median annual salary for graphic designers is C$48,000, according to PayScale.
  • In Great Britain, the median annual salary for graphic designers is £24,000, according to Totaljobs.
  • In Australia, the median annual salary for graphic designers is AU$58,584, according to PayScale.

Where do designers work?

Designers work in a variety of settings, including design firms, advertising agencies, and in-house design teams at companies. Some designers also work as freelancers, allowing them to work from home or from anywhere in the world.

Designers are needed in nearly every industry, from fashion and retail to technology and healthcare. They play a vital role in creating visually appealing and effective communication materials, products, and experiences.

Important qualities of a successful designer

To be a successful designer, there are several important qualities you should possess:

  • Strong artistic and technical skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Ability to work well under pressure and meet tight deadlines
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills
  • Creativity and a willingness to take risks
  • Problem-solving skills and a willingness to experiment

Step-by-step career path

Here is a step-by-step career path for becoming a designer:

  1. Obtain a high school diploma or equivalent.
  2. Pursue a degree or certification in a design-related field, such as graphic design, web design, or industrial design. 3. Gain experience through internships or entry-level positions.
  3. Develop a strong portfolio of your work.
  4. Continue to refine your skills and stay up-to-date with the latest design trends and technology.
  5. Seek out opportunities for professional development and networking.
  6. Consider pursuing advanced education or certifications to further your career.

How to become a designer

In the United States, most design-related careers require at least a bachelor's degree. However, some designers are able to enter the profession with a certificate or associate's degree.

Higher education programs in design typically take 2-4 years to complete, depending on the program and level of degree. During this time, students will take classes in design theory, software and technology, and develop their artistic and technical skills.

Some designers also complete a residency or graduate program, which can help them further develop their skills and build their portfolios.

Where to become a designer

There are many schools and programs around the world that offer degrees and certifications in design. Here are a few examples in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia:

United States:

  • Rhode Island School of Design
  • California Institute of the Arts
  • Parsons School of Design
  • Savannah College of Art and Design
  • Pratt Institute


  • Emily Carr University of Art and Design
  • Ontario College of Art and Design University
  • Vancouver Film School
  • Sheridan College
  • Alberta College of Art and Design

Great Britain:

  • Royal College of Art
  • Central Saint Martins
  • University of the Arts London
  • Glasgow School of Art
  • Kingston School of Art


  • University of New South Wales
  • RMIT University
  • University of Technology Sydney
  • Swinburne University of Technology
  • Griffith University

Can you enter the profession with a different degree?

While a degree in a design-related field is preferred, it is possible to enter the profession with a degree in a different field. However, you will need to demonstrate your artistic and technical skills through your portfolio and experience.

Many designers come from backgrounds in fine arts, marketing, or even engineering. If you have a degree in a different field but are interested in pursuing a career in design, consider taking classes or workshops to develop your skills and build your portfolio.

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